From the time of Ancient Sumeria, the heavy infantry phalanx dominated the battlefield. Two distract heavier units. Where The Roman Republic Consuls chosen or elected? open area i a city filled with public buildings, temples, and markets, a government in which citizens have a right to vote and elect officials, a basic unit of the army consisting of 4,500 - 5,000 men, unit of the army between 60 and 160 men (they were efficient if they were on flat terrain). BRING IT HOME!! Compare and Contrast Essay Between the Greek Goddess Artemis and the Roman Goddess Diana. What where the Velites main job? phalanx. Armed with spears or pikes, standing shoulder to shoulder with shields interlocking, the men of the phalanx presented an impenetrable wall of wood and metal to the enemy. Houston. This question hasn't been answered yet Ask an expert. 290 BC. In the Roman army, a full strength legion was officially made up of 6,000 men, but typically all legions were organized at under strength and generally consisted of approximately 5,300 fighting men including officers. Overall its quite a difficult question. The Greeks used armies of massed infantry standing very close together, all joined as one giant unit. What time did Rome rule the whole Mediterranean? Then the men leading the elephants stopped driving them forward and threw down spears. It’s easy to see where the “tortoise” formation got its name. Armed with spears or pikes, standing shoulder to shoulder with shields interlocking, the men of the phalanx presented an impenetrable wall of wood and metal to the enemy. It is generally perceived that with the later Battle of Pydna, this defeat demonstrated the superiority of the Roman legion over the Macedonian phalanx. The legions no longer protected the Roman frontier as they turned to looting the wealthy provinces of Italy and Greece. The Roman manipular legion and the Macedonian phalanx were each pivotal factors in the successes of their states, but was one formation actually better than the … Define legions. Side Score: 20. The phalanx was a big square of destruction. However the Romans did give some of their Gods different names and duties than those of the Greek Gods. PLAY. Each consul of the Roman Republic had the power to _____ or _____ _____ _____ the acts of the other. But it’s not a flaw, just an inevitable trade-off. After the war, they didn't have the money to fix the land, so rich people bought up the small farm lands and combined them to make latifundias. Legio I Italica ("First Italian Legion") was a legion of the Imperial Roman army founded by emperor Nero on September 22, 66 (the date is attested by an inscription). We do have, however, "Strategikon", whose author may be the Byzantine emperor - Maurice. Legio X: The Tenth Mounted Legion was the personal legion of Julius Caesar. Velites, Princepes, hestati, and trairii. The best descriptions of the formations come from the historian Polybius. The hoplites were heavy infantry; armored with helmet, breastplate, greaves and a bronze round shield. The Roman legion only narrowly defeated the Greek phalanx. The Roman legion was the largest military unit of the Roman army. Their weapons were the thrusting spear and the sword. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. According to Cicero, Romans, compared to other peoples were. the small farms had produced wheat for food. Here is the post by Bares laying out the cases of phalanx vs legion. Mostly, they would just be able to outflank the spartans. Romans got some of their alphabet from the Etruscans. helots. far more likely to reverence the gods. The sarissa is too long for anyone to reach and formation is too dense for Romans to break it with pilums. 218BC Hannibal Barca attacked Roman Army by land, Reason for most farms being destroyed during the 2nd Punic War. The organization of legions varied greatly over time but they were typically composed of up to 5,400 soldiers, originally divided into 10 maniples and later into cohorts each with 480 soldiers. However, when confronted with more advanced infantry formations, such as the Macedonian pike phalanx or the Roman manipular legion (or even the Spartan phalanx), the hoplite phalanx almost invariably crumbled. 275 BC . Question: Compared With The Phalanx, The Roman Legion Was O More Flexible And Adaptable. READ MORE: Roman Kings, a complete list of the 7 early rulers. The phalanx was much better working on defense than offense. How was a Roman legion different from a Greek phalanx? Playing straight into the phalanx preference of fighting and force it into buckling destruction. 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